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Co-producing and co-financing renewable community energy projects 


Project is supported by Interreg Baltic Sea Region programme.

Project budget: 3 148 866,00 € (incl 2 447 847,26 € ERDF)
TREA budget: 145 915,00 €

Project duration: 2017−2020

Project aims: Co2mmunity encourages and supports citizens to co-finance, co-develop, and co-operate sustainable energy projects in (local) communities and at the same time creates the complete policy papers for decision-makers in national, regional and BSR level in order to bring more Community Energy topic on the socio-political agenda.

Project activities:  The Europe 2020 strategy sets the goal to increase the renewable energy (RE) share to at least 20% of consumption. For achieving this goal, Community energy (CE) projects are promising solutions. They are quick in realisation and sustainable.

In Germany and Denmark, half of the installed RE capacity is already owned by citizens, accompanying measures and structures are established, which enable these regions to become CE frontrunners for particular technologies at European level. Other regions within the BSR have great potentials as CE followers. In Nordic countries, the renewable heat and fuel have promising market potentials. In the Baltic States and Poland, RE is not so widely known as potential field of citizens’ activity and investment potential, also CE can contribute to increasing the so far low RE deployment rates.

Co2mmunity will include the partners from frontrunners and followers countries, bring together these first experiences and motivations, enable the transnational exchange of experiences and supports the capacity-building which is needed to further promotion of RE. The main approach of the project is the creation of renewable energy cooperative partnerships (RENCOP) that initiate and support CE projects. In each partner region, Co2mmunity will initiate and manage a RENCOP. A transnational exchange of RENCOPs will result in a transferable RENCOP model/roadmap, enabling a transnational catch-up process between frontrunners and followers as well as enhancing the capacity of local, regional and BSR-wide actors to foster CE. Co2mmunitys another objective is to create comprehensive document about CE to enhance the institutional capacities of municipalities, institutions responsible for regional energy planning and ERDF Operational Programmes, political decision-makers responsible for energy issues in the BSR, energy and citizens associations for facilitating CE projects.

Project results: 

Co2mmunity studies, initiates and develops regional partnerships of organisations active in the field called Renewable Energy Cooperative Partnership (RENCOP). To establish a sound knowledge base and make the knowledge generated in the next steps available to the broader public, Co2mmunity develops the following outputs as part of the work package “Developing a Community Energy Database for the Baltic Sea Region”:

  • An online database of community energy projects including an interactive map, that allows interested parties to inform themselves about projects in their region
  • A scientific review paper of community energy barriers and drivers, providing a scientific input for other outputs and knowledge for citizens, project developers and policy makers
  • A report on the current state of community energy in the Baltic Sea Region
  • Additional scientific articles on lessons learned in the renewable cooperative partnerships established in each partner country

Of course, Co2mmunity will also establish RENCOPs in the partner regions and support the development of community energy projects. The work in this area is packaged under the title ‘Facilitating Community Energy Projects with the RENCOP model’ and will result in the following outputs:

  • A stakeholder map and analysis as well as RENCOP model for each partner country
  • A guideline for mobilising partners for a RENCOP
  • A transnational community energy project agreement, that can be used to put a project into writing
  • A roadmap for RENCOP development, to help municipalities in your region to establish an effective support structure for community energy development

Last but not least, Co2mmunity recognises that political support will be needed from national government as well. Consequently, we will also work on ‘Bringing Community Energy on the socio-political Agenda’, which will result in the following outputs:

  • A community energy handbook for each of the 8 partner countries providing the essential information on community energy
  • A white paper to inform national and regional actors on how to support and initiate community energy
  • A policy paper for actors of the Baltic Sea Region suggesting specific policies on community energy

Project partners: Aalto University (Finland), CAU Kiel – Working Group Economic Geography (Germany), Energy Agency for Southeast Sweden – Energikontor Sydost AB (Sweden), Foundation for Sustainable Energy (Poland), Green Net Finland (Finland), Green City Energy München (Germany), Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung SH / Energiebürger SH (Germany), Kaunas Regional Energy Agency (Lithuania), Lithuanian Energy Institute (Lithuania), Lund University (Sweden), Middelfart Municipality (Denmark),  Regional Council of South-Ostrobothnia (Finland), Riga Planning Region (Latvia), Tartu Regiooni Energiaagentuur (Estonia), Thermopolis Ltd. – Energy Agency of South Ostrobothnia (Finland)

Project web page:

Contact person in TREA: Nele Ivask (, +372 5348 7875)


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